Transcontinentals Q3 net income rises to 324million revenue falls

MONTREAL — Transcontinental Inc. is reporting a more profitable third quarter with net income rising to $32.4-million, or 42 cents per share, in the three months ended July 31.That’s up from $8.1-million, or 10 cents per share, in the same quarter last year when the company recognized unusual costs related to its acquisition of Quad/Graphics Canada.Excluding unusual items, Transcontinental’s adjusted net income was up 43.4% compared with a year ago, rising to $35.7-million from $24.9-million.But revenues decreased 4.5% to $493.8-million from $517-million year-over-year, mainly due to the end of the Zellers flyers contract. The Canadian discount retailer has sold most of its locations to Target and ceased operations.Transcontinental said other factors contributing to lower revenue were the change in the format and type of paper used by some of our major customers, difficult market conditions affecting its magazine, book and catalogue printing business and a soft advertising market.“Our third quarter results clearly outperformed in our industry,” said president and CEO Francois Olivier said in a statement Thursday.“Despite the pressure we are facing with regards to the advertising market in our media sector, we have continued to roll out our digital offering and have launched several new products and services.”Olivier said Transcontinental’s solid financial position and ability to generate cash flow “gives us the flexibility we need to continue to invest in our development and transform our operations in order to better meet the continually evolving needs of our customers.”The Montreal-based company bought the printing operations of Quad/Graphics Canada in March 2012. The company said there have been more than $35-million to date in synergies from that acquisition.Transcontinental is Canada’s largest printer and a leading provider of media and marketing solutions. It has about 9,500 employees in Canada and the United States.The Canadian Press read more

Edmunds Labor Day sales less impressive than years past

In the car business, Labor Day is more than just the end of the summer selling season. It signals the beginning of what many bargain hunters eagerly await: the end-of-model-year clearance. In the eyes of these shoppers, the Labor Day holiday weekend sales time equals big-time savings. But as Edmunds data shows, this year’s Labor Day weekend deals might not be as impressive as they were in the past.Just five years ago, industry-wide incentives were deep, interest rates were low, and car sellers and makers alike seemed hot on moving then-current 2014 models to make room for the 2015s. Shoppers reaped the benefits of this car business sales strategy by way of the plentiful deals and significant offers. By the end of December 2014, only 24% of new vehicles sold were still 2014s.But now the automotive climate has cooled. Carmakers aren’t in the same rush to clear out current year inventory. For example, when 2018 came to a close, a much bigger chunk of vehicles of vehicles sold — 44% — were still 2018 models. Edmunds anticipates this trend of lingering vehicles to continue.This seeming willingness of automakers to let vehicles linger on lots as opposed to liquidating inventory via end-of-summer clearances may put a damper on some shoppers’ sales expectations.Of course, it’s not all bad news for a shopper hankering for a new vehicle. Interest rates, while higher than years past, are currently the lowest point they’ve been all year. Additionally, intriguing Labor Day deals still do exist, even if they aren’t quite as prolific as in years past. Here are some notable examples. All starting prices include destination fees.MIDSIZE SEDAN:2019 Ford FusionStarting price: $23,835Average discounts across all Edmunds listings: $3,614Top range of discounts offers found on Titanium models: Up to $9,500Lowest range of discount were found on the SE and SEL models.What our editors say about the Fusion: “Ford’s midsize sedan is a little dated but continues to earns points for its quiet interior, pleasing balance of handling and ride comfort, and available all-wheel drive.”SMALL SUVS:2019 Hyundai KonaStarting price: $21,085Average discounts across all Edmunds listings: $1,462Top range of discounts offers found on Ultimate models: Up to $5,300Lowest range of discounts were found on the Iron Man and SE models.What our editors say about the Kona: “This SUV is impressively sporty thanks to its quick acceleration and nimble handling. On top of that, you get a lot of technology and safety features for your money.”2019 Jeep RenegadeStarting price: $23,770Average discounts across all Edmunds listing: $4,670Top range of discounts found on Trailhawk, Limited and Altitude models: Up to $10,000Lowest range of discounts were found on the Latitude and Sport models.What our editors say about the Renegade: “The Jeep Renegade is the rare subcompact SUV that’s genuinely capable off-road. Inside, the cabin is a little cramped, but it’s nicely trimmed and has large touchscreen interface that is easy to use.”MIDSIZE SUVs:2019 Honda PilotStarting price: $32,645Average discounts across all Edmunds listing: $1,144Top range of discounts found on Touring, Elite and EX-L models: Up to $7,200Lowest range of discounts were found on the LX and EX models.What our editors say about the Pilot: “Even among its all-star midsize SUV rivals, the Pilot got high marks for its spacious interior, powerful and efficient V6 engine, and clever storage solutions.”2019 Volkswagen AtlasStarting price: $31,890Average discounts across all Edmunds listing: $4,425Top range of discounts found on V6 SEL 4Motion, SE Tech and V6 SEL models: Up to $9,500Lowest range of discounts were found on the S and V6 S 4Motion models.What our editors say about the 2019 Atlas: “The Atlas is one of the roomiest three-row crossover SUVs around. Power is lacking a bit when you compare it to top rivals, but that’s the one minor flaw we’ve been able to find in its on-road performance.”FULL-SIZE SUV:2019 Ford ExpeditionStarting price: $53,525Average discounts across all Edmunds listing: $6,645Top range of discounts found on Platinum, XLT and Max Limited models: Up to $16,000Lowest range of discounts were found on the Limited models.What our editors say about the Expedition: “The Expedition is able to carry eight passengers and tow nearly as much as a full-size truck. And while it’s certainly a large vehicle, there’s very little else that can match the Expedition for outright capability.”EDMUNDS SAYS: This Labor Day holiday sale weekend may not be quite as robust as years past, but the deals are still plentiful, if you know where to look. Low interest rates are an added bonus.___This story was provided to The Associated Press by the automotive website Edmunds. Matt Jones is a senior insight manager at Edmunds. Twitter: @supermattjonesRelated links:— Edmunds Review: 2019 Ford Fusion https://www.edmunds.com/ford/fusion/2019/— Edmunds Review: 2019 Hyundai Kona https://www.edmunds.com/hyundai/kona/— Edmunds Review: 2019 Jeep Renegade https://www.edmunds.com/jeep/renegade/— Edmunds Review: 2019 Honda Pilot https://www.edmunds.com/honda/pilot/2019/— Edmunds Review: 2019 Volkswagen Atlas https://www.edmunds.com/volkswagen/atlas/— Edmunds Review: 2019 Ford Expedition https://www.edmunds.com/ford/expedition/— Edmunds: A Car Shopping Plan for Holiday Weekends http://edmu.in/2t3DE7X— Video: How to Shop for a Car on a Holiday Weekend https://bit.ly/2Ie9wyBMatt Jones, The Associated Press read more

Libya UN mission condemns terrorist attack against Benghazi demonstration

“UNSMIL calls on Libyans to reject violence as a means to settle political differences and stresses that peaceful expression of political views is one of the basic rights in a free society,” said a statement issued by the UN Mission.The mission also expressed its condolences to the families of the victims and wishes the injured a speedy recovery.The statement also said that the stability in the eastern city of Benghazi is key to Libya’s overall stability and the latest attack stresses the urgent need to bring peace to the country.“The shelling of the demonstration in Benghazi serves to show once again that the unending violence is claiming more and more lives, particularly in the city where fighting has raged for over a year and has caused unimaginable suffering to its residents, including displacing more than 100,000 people,” said the statement.The mission also urged Libyans to set aside their differences, irrespective of their affiliations, and engage in efforts through dialogue to resolve the deepening crisis in the country. “Their best response to the perpetrators of this ugly crime in Benghazi today is by working together to bring peace to Libya. Only through unity can terrorism be confronted and violence brought to an end,” the statement concluded.Just two days ago, UN Special Representative for Libya Bernardino León stressed that the effort towards forming a unity government in Libya will continue, emphasizing that while a position had been announced that some parties had not voted for the UN-backed political agreement, “there is no chance for small groups or personalities to hijack this process.” read more

Jonathan Dimbleby steps down from Radio 4s Any Questions after 32 years

David Dimbleby also recently stepped down from his flagship show, Question Time Jonathan DimblebyCredit:Andrew Crowley Jonathan Dimbleby Jonathan Dimbleby is stepping down from Radio 4 show Any Questions? after 32 years in the role.Dimbleby, 74, who has chaired the topical discussion show since 1987, said it “will be a wrench to leave” but plans to “remain as busy in the years ahead as I have been up to now”.The long-running, flagship show features questions to politicians and other panellists from members of the audience.Dimbleby said: “After 32 years in the chair, I have decided to stand down from Radio 4’s Any Questions? at the end of June.”It has been a great privilege to have been in this role for so long and in the great broadcasting institution which is the BBC. It will be a wrench to leave. But the time feels right.”For more than four decades I have been fortunate to combine presenting, reporting and interviewing for radio and television as well as writing books. I plan to remain as busy in the years ahead as I have been up to now.”Radio 4 said a new presenter for Any Questions?, which is broadcast from a different location each week, will be announced.Dimbleby previously presented its sister programme, Any Answers? The broadcaster is the younger brother of David Dimbleby, who recently stepped down as the chair of Question Time, with Fiona Bruce later taking over. David Dimbleby also recently stepped down from his flagship show, Question TimeCredit:BBC He is the son of the late broadcaster Richard Dimbleby, who was dubbed “the voice of the BBC”, narrating the Queen’s coronation in 1953 and Winston Churchill’s funeral in 1965.BBC Director-General Tony Hall said: “Jonathan Dimbleby has been an absolutely outstanding presenter of Any Questions? Over more than 30 years he has commanded the respect of the audience and panellists alike.”His sharp intellect and chairing skills have made Any Questions? essential listening. While he may be stepping down from this programme, I am delighted that we are in discussion with Jonathan about future projects with the BBC. I shall miss his travels round the country enormously.”Dimbleby began his career as a TV and radio reporter for BBC Bristol in 1969. He later anchored general elections for ITV. “Personally, I will miss his acumen and enthusiasm as he hurtles around the UK each week engaging audiences in challenging and nuanced exchanges with political leaders.” Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings. He was praised for his report on the Ethiopian famine of 1973 and made more headlines with his interview with the Prince of Wales in which Charles admitted adultery with Camilla.Radio 4 Controller Gwyneth Williams said: “Jonathan Dimbleby is one of Radio 4’s most distinguished and familiar presenters and I shall be sorry to see him leave the programme.”Radio 4 has benefited over so many years from the depth of his political knowledge and his great skill as a broadcaster. I know our audience trusts and values his experienced judgment each week as the hugely respected host of Any Questions? read more

Child mortality decreases but at least 18000 children dying every day

first_imgProgress in reduction of mortality and undernutrition is accelerating – but not quickly enough.Child mortality has decreased substantially since 1990About 18,000 children are dying every day, mostly in disadvantaged population groupsThe main causes of post-neonatal child deaths are preventable infectious diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhoea and malaria.There has been an increase in the percentage of child deaths occurring in the first four weeks of life.Newborn deaths account for a median of 39 per cent of all under-five deathsNeonatal deaths and stillbirths can be significantly reduced by increased investment in quality care around the time of birth.Africa is the region with the highest mortality and (with a few exceptions) the slowest rates of reductionUnsafe abortion exacts a high toll of avoidable maternal deaths, which could be averted through programmes and policies that support women’s access to affordable and high quality family planning, and antenatal, delivery, and postnatal care. NutritionThe research also looked at undernutrition, and found that in the Countdown countries:Nearly half of all deaths to children under five are due to undernutrition – that’s three million deaths each year.Stunting is a big indicator of the quality of a child’s life.In 42 of the 62 countries with available data, 30 per cent or more children are stunted.To target this, nutrition-specific interventions for women and children are needed, as well as efforts to combat food insecurity and women’s low social status, and improving access to safe water and sanitation facilities.Countries with higher levels of intervention coverage tend to have lower levels of child mortality, and vice versa.According to the study, adoption rates are high for some policies such as oral rehydration salts and zinc for management of diarrhoea, postnatal home visits in the first week of life, and specific notification of maternal deaths.But “crucial gaps remain”. Fewer than half of Countdown countries have adopted policies in the areas of:Access to contraception for adolescentsMaternity protection in accordance with Convention 183,25Regulation of the marketing of breastmilk substitutes.Many of the countries face severe health workforce shortages, which also impacts on the care available to women and babies.There are also “massive inequalities” in intervention coverage and health outcomes, and the report says unless these are improved, progress is likely to be curtailed.Read: 300,000 die during pregnancy each year and midwives are key to reduction> A STUDY OF maternal and child health in developing countries gives an insight into the challenges faced by women and babies.The Lancet study: Countdown to 2015 and beyond, looks at the health agenda for women and children.The end of 2015 will signal the end of the Millenium Development Goal era, so Countdown to 2015 has focused its 2014 report on how much has been achieved in intervention coverage for mothers, infants and children.Progress being madeIt says that progress has accelerated over the past decade in most of the 189 countries it looked at, but some of the biggest gaps are in family planning, interventions for newborn mortality, and case management of childhood diseases.Here’s some of what they found in the Countdown countries:last_img read more

GrandeBretagne découverte des plus anciennes traces humaines dEurope du Nord

first_imgGrande-Bretagne : découverte des plus anciennes traces humaines d’Europe du NordGrande-Bretagne – Une étude sur des découvertes archéologiques britanniques a permis de découvrir que l’homme a occupé la Grande-Bretagne il y a plus de 800.000 ans, soit 100.000 ans plus tôt que ce que les scientifiques pensaient jusqu’alors.78 outils et éclats de silex découverts près de Happisburgh, dans le comté de Norfolk, à l’Est du pays, ont révélé un présence humaine en Europe du Nord plus ancienne que ce qui était jusque là jugé possible. Le site est alors devenu la plus ancienne implantation connue dans le nord de l’Europe, précise cette étude réalisée par une équipe de scientifiques et d’archéologues et financée par le British Museum.Jusqu’à présent, les historiens du peuplement estimaient qu’à cette période du Pléistocène (il y a 1,8 million d’années à 780.000 ans), la température d’Europe du Nord avait fait barrière aux migrations des premiers hommes. Tous les sites archéologiques étudiés en Europe et en Asie ayant attesté une présence humaine pendant le Pléistocène, se trouvaient en effet jusqu’ici sous le 45e parallèle. Des sites tous de climat tropical, méditerranéen ou de savane.Le peuplement humain semblait alors ne pas avoir dépassé une zone limitée par le sud des Pyrénées et des Alpes, et les scientifiques estimaient que la présence des hommes en Grande-Bretagne remontait à 700.000 ans.À lire aussiCombien d’amis peut-on avoir au maximum ?”Ces découvertes sont de loin la trace la plus ancienne connue de présence d’humains en Grande-Bretagne, remontant à au moins 100.000 années plus tôt que les découvertes précédentes”, s’enthousiasme le Pr Chris Stringer, directeur de recherches sur les origines de l’homme au Musée d’Histoire naturelle à Londres. “Elles ont des implications importantes pour notre compréhension du comportement des premiers hommes, leurs adaptations, leur survie, et pour savoir quand et comment nos ancêtres ont colonisé l’Europe après avoir quitté l’Afrique” il y a 1,8 millions d’année, souligne-t-il.Comme l’explique le Dr Nick Ashton du British Museum, les objets en silex découverts “sont extrêmement importants parce que, non seulement, ils sont beaucoup plus vieux mais, surtout, ils sont associés à une gamme unique de données sur l’environnement qui donne une image claire de la végétation et du climat. Cela démontre que les premiers hommes ont pu survivre dans des conditions beaucoup plus rigoureuses qu’aujourd’hui”. L’été les températures avoisinaient en effet seulement les 16 à 18 degrés tandis que l’hiver elles descendaient jusqu’à -3 degrés. Il y a 800 000 ans, une grande partie de l’Europe du Nord était recouverte de forêts boréales plus ou moins vastes selon le flux et le reflux des périodes glaciaires.Le 8 juillet 2010 à 17:52 • Emmanuel Perrinlast_img read more

Hadopi les résultats du sondage de lIfop publiés

first_imgHadopi : les résultats du sondage de l’Ifop publiésFrance – Un sondage concernant les effets de la loi Hadopi dans l’Hexagone, réalisé par l’Institut français d’opinion publique (Ifop) à la demande du Snep (Syndicat national de l’édition phonographique) a été rendu public. Il montre que les Français ayant choisi de renoncer au piratage ne sont pas les plus nombreux. Le sondage intitulé Les Français et le téléchargement illégal avait pour but d’évaluer l’impact de la désormais célèbre Hadopi sur la population française. Ce sondage rendu public montre bien que les sanctions de la Haute autorité pour la diffusion des œuvres et la protection des droits sur internet ont fait peur aux Français, puisque 69% des sondés pourraient renoncer au piratage illégal, par peur de voir leur connexion internet coupée ou de devoir payer une amende. Le sondage montre également que les Français prêtent davantage attention à l’utilisation faite de leur connexion internet. Concernant les mesures qu’il serait efficace de mettre en place pour enrayer le téléchargement illégal, les Français sont 46% à évoquer la suppression pure et simple des plateformes illégales. Pour autant, le sondage est largement critiqué : de nombreuses voix lui reprochent d’être biaisé, en considérant que l’ensemble des Français sont des pirates informatiques. En effet, le panel interrogé n’est pas constitué que de véritables pirates informatiques. De plus, les questions de l’Ifop étaient toutes formulées de la manière suivante : “Dans l’hypothèse où vous auriez personnellement l’habitude de télécharger illégalement des contenus comme de la musique ou des vidéos sur Internet, diriez-vous…”, ce qui a également été largement montré du doigt. Certains hommes politiques demandent aujourd’hui que ce sondage ne soit pas pris en considération, car il n’est pas selon eux représentatif des habitudes des pirates informatiques.Le 10 août 2010 à 17:23 • Emmanuel Perrinlast_img read more

CleanUp Crew Travels to Acklins Ragged Island Second Evacuation Tomorrow

first_img Related Items: Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#Bahamas, September 12, 2017 – Nassau – Director of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Captain Stephen Russell said there would be a flight today, September 12, 2017 at 2:00 p.m. to Salina Point, Acklins.   This flight would take men from the local community to help with necessary clean-ups on the island of Acklins.Prime Minister Dr. The Rt. Hon. Hubert Minnis urged the remaining 20 residents on his visit to Ragged Island yesterday to evacuate as health conditions were deemed unfavorable.    A flight will be sent for the Ragged Island residents tomorrow, Wednesday, September 13, to bring them to New Providence.Ragged Island will receive heavy-duty tarps to help to preserve what is left of standing structures and to salvage any remaining valuables.   The Caribbean Development Bank has given $200,000 to aid in these recoveries.Also, teams from the United States Agency for International Development/Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) have offered assistance in heeding NEMA’s requests for additional heavy-duty tarps, water containers, blankets, and other essentials.  NEMA will also receive assistance from the Chinese Embassy and US Northern Command.Story by: Sydnei IsaacsPress Release: BISlast_img read more

Against all odds Topper is back home

first_img 00:00 00:00 spaceplay / pause qunload | stop ffullscreenshift + ←→slower / faster ↑↓volume mmute ←→seek  . seek to previous 12… 6 seek to 10%, 20% … 60% XColor SettingsAaAaAaAaTextBackgroundOpacity SettingsTextOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundSemi-TransparentOpaqueTransparentFont SettingsSize||TypeSerif MonospaceSerifSans Serif MonospaceSans SerifCasualCursiveSmallCapsResetSave SettingsEL CAJON (KUSI) – An El Cajon man who had given up all hope of finding his dog again has been reunited with his stolen pet.Tom Huffman’s dog, Topper, disappeared from a shopping center in El Cajon, while under a friend’s care last May. Huffman said he suspected another man, a mutual acquaintance stole the dog, and fled with him to Mexico. Huffman said he was resigned to losing the dog forever, when he received an unexpected phone call from someone in Missouri two weeks ago. Topper had been located when a police officer, trying to arrest a homeless woman in Kansas City, Missouri encountered the dog, who tried to nip the officer in the knee. Fortunately, Topper had a microchip which provided the information to locate Huffman in California. From there, a network of volunteers jumped in, to bring Topper home. More than a dozen volunteers took turns, each driving 200 mile segments across six states, taking the dog through MIssouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico and finally, Arizona. From Phoenix, the dog was put on a plane to Riverside County, where a final set of drivers brought Topper back to Huffman’s home in El Cajon on Sunday afternoon. Huffman called it “a miracle.” HIs mother, Roderica praised the network of volunteers. “There’s a lot of people with great hearts. The time and the effort it took to coordinate all of this, it boggles my mind,” Huffman said. August 27, 2018 Sasha Foo Posted: August 27, 2018 Sasha Foo, Against all odds, Topper is back home Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitterlast_img read more

Countys population grows less quickly

first_imgClark County is still growing, just not by much.The county grew by 1.02 percent, or 4,400 residents, to hit a total population of 435,600 residents as of April 1, according to recently released state estimates. That’s even slower than the 1.65 percent in April 2009, which had been a 25-year low. The last time the growth rate was lower than this year was April 1984, when it bottomed out at 0.8 percent.The estimates show a drastic slowdown for the recession-bedraggled area, which saw massive growth in the early part of the decade. Those boom days have helped Clark County sustain its ranking as the second-fastest growing county in the state over the last 10 years, with 26.4 percent overall growth.But it’s not like Southwest Washington is being left in the dust: The state’s total population went up by just under 1 percent, to 6,733,250. King and Thurston counties both grew faster (1.26 percent and 1.13 percent, respectively), but Snohomish was behind Clark at .97 of a percent.And Vancouver, added 1,000 people to hit 165,500 people, and continue to hold the title of “fourth largest city in Washington.”“This flatness is tied to the current recession,” state chief demographer Yi Zhao said. “Given the recession we have, I would say the county’s still holding.”Zhao said that population numbers have historically bounced around with the nation’s fortune — slowing in the early ’70s and ’80s, and surging during the late ’90s and middle part of this decade. For example, the county lost 0.4 of a percent of its population in 1970 and had grown by 2.85 percent between April 2006 and April 2007.last_img read more

Gas explosion kills child in Shyampur

first_imgA child was killed and three others injured in gas line explosion in Shyampur of the capital city.A child was killed and three others injured in gas line explosion in Shyampur of the capital city.The incident took place at around 6:30pm on Tuesday.The deceased is Abir, 7, and the injured are Abir’s mother Shathi Akhtar and sister Adiba, 11 and van driver Rubel, 30. All of them were admitted to Dhaka Medical College Hospital.Inspector at DMCH police outpost, Bacchu Mia, said four including Abir were brought to the hospital in a critical condition.The physicians on duty pronounced Abir dead at 7:45pm. Others are undergoing treatment at the hospital.Official of the fire service headquarters, Rasel Sikdar, told Prothom Alo that three pedestrians were injured in a gas line explosion at Munshibari of Jurain in Shyampur. The local people took them to DMCH, he added.According to Abir’s family and police, Abir and his family lived at Dhupkhola in the capital. Shati Akhtar and her two children went to her father’s house in Shyampur. The explosion took place when they reached Munshibari. Shyampur police station officer-in-charge Mizanur Rahman said police visited the spot after the explosion.last_img read more

Ashburton

first_imgAshburton Area Association hosted a Homebuyers tour to highlight their neighborhood on July 18. The tour was sponsored by Live Baltimore and more than 40 potential homebuyers showed up to tour Ashburton.An Ashburtom “Meet & Greet with Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake” was held on August 9 at the home of association president Beatrice Scott. This was an opportunity for a small group session to speak with the Mayor about topics such as education, crime, employment, economics, juvenile delinquency and seniors maintaining themselves in their homes. On Saturday August 22 from 11 a.m. – 3 p.m. the Ashburton Area Association will be sponsoring the Callaway Apple Orchard Festival in conjunction with the CallawayGarrison Improvement Association. It will take place on the Callaway Ave. median strip beginning at Liberty Heights Ave. This is a family friendly event and free to the public.last_img read more

Tonight AFROs First Edition with Sean Yoes Thursday January 28

first_imgListen at WEAA Live Stream: http://amber.streamguys.com.4020/live.m3uWe continue our ongoing series, “Conversations with the Candidates,” as we talk with Baltimore City Council candidates including hopefuls for the 5th and the 8th Districts. What are the most pressing issues in their individual districts? We’ll unpack some of the city’s tough challenges in our first hour.These stories and more coming up this evening on AFRO’s First Edition with Sean Yoes.last_img

Tribal war drove human evolution of aggression

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. “Once the probability 0.6 is fixed in the population, a value of 0.7 is more likely to invade than a decrease to 0.5. So it is true that there is gradual, step-by-step evolutionary process causing the increment in the tendency to go to war, but this might take a long time. Our model is a bit less idealized than this, but it works approximately like that.”However, as you might expect, there is a downside to belligerence and bravery. While both these traits offer advantages during war for a tribe, both traits are also considered high-risk social behaviors. An individual possessing the traits has a greater chance of dying, which means the tribe not only loses a warrior, but the death also opens a spot for another male to appropriate the first male’s reproduction-enhancing resources. This trade-off leads to another question: if an individual himself does not benefit from belligerence and bravery, but only his tribe, why would humans evolve this altruistic trait? The scientists explain that the answer is kinship: a human will take the risk of dying for close relatives since they carry very similar genetic material, and will pass that genetic material on for him. “The mathematical analysis in fact shows that the selective pressure on belligerence and bravery is substantially driven by the benefits of conquest that accrue on the relatives of the belligerent and/or brave males within their group, showing that kinship ties shape warfare in our model,” Lehmann said. “Evolutionary biologists refers to this as ‘indirect’ transmission of genes because the individual expressing the trait does not reproduce (it’s in fact costly for him), but other individuals from the group who survive may indirectly benefit from the behavior of the possibly dead brave male.”Lehmann added that the genetic relatedness concept stems from the late Bill Hamilton of Oxford University, one of the greatest evolutionary biologists of the 20th century. Prior to Hamilton, the British geneticist J. B. S Haldane also hit upon the idea in a famous anecdote. When asked by a friend at a pub whether he would risk his life to save a drowning man, Haldane scribbled some notes on a napkin and answered, “No, but I would do it for two brothers or eight cousins.” The same idea holds true for the altruistic traits of belligerence and bravery, but Lehmann and Feldman were surprised to find just how large a group could show the kinship connection.“[The greatest significance of this study is] showing that the selective pressure on belligerence and bravery may remain substantial even in groups of large size (approximately 50 males and 50 females),” Lehmann said. “This is interesting because it is usually assumed that individually costly, altruistic traits (of which belligerence and bravery are only particular examples) would only be able to evolve in very small-sized groups, like the nuclear family or something only slightly bigger. The demographics behind warfare may explain the evolution of altruism in larger groups than have usually been assumed in more standard biological scenarios aimed at understanding the evolution of altruism.”Among other interesting results of the model is the finding that bravery is even more highly desired than belligerence, since bravery has advantages when tribes are on both the offensive and defensive sides. On a different note, even though the model describes genetic inheritance, the scientists say that these traits could also be inherited culturally (through nurture rather than nature). Today’s modern wars between large states, as opposed to tribal wars, don’t follow the same model. Rather, one of the most common explanations is that modern wars are fought when the benefits outweigh the costs, in a fairly rational way. But do the results of this study, showing that we are all offspring of conquerors, suggest an underlying primitive explanation for why we fight “rational” modern wars? Though it may be an intriguing idea, Lehmann doesn’t think so.“I don’t think that our study helps in one way or another to understand war between states, but there are many interesting and relevant theories for understanding such wars that have been developed by economists and political scientists,” he said.More information: Lehmann, Laurent and Feldman, Marcus W. “War and the evolution of belligerence and bravery.” Proceedings of The Royal Society B. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.0842.Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Explore further Citation: Tribal war drove human evolution of aggression (2008, September 9) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-09-tribal-war-drove-human-evolution.html Imitation breeds war in new evolutionary theory These reproduction-enhancing resources prompted our ancestors to fight in order to pass down their family genes. With war as a driving force for survival, an interesting pattern occurred, according to a new study. People with certain warrior-like traits were more likely to engage in and win wars, and then passed their warrior genes down to their children, which – on an evolutionary timescale – made their tribe even more warrior-like. In short, humans seem to have become more aggressive over time due to war’s essential benefits.In their study, Stanford University scientists Laurent Lehmann and Marcus Feldman have presented a model showing that aggressive traits in males may have evolved as an adaptation to limited reproductive resources. Because tribal war serves as a method for appropriating territory and women, war may have driven the evolution of these traits. The scientists use the term “belligerence” to refer to a trait that increases the probability that the person’s tribe will attack another tribe. Likewise, “bravery” refers to a trait that increases the probability that the person’s tribe will win a war, whether they have attacked or are being attacked. Lehmann and Feldman demonstrate in their model that belligerence and bravery continue to genetically evolve through the male line. When one tribe conquers another, males in the conquering group mate with females in the conquered group, and pass the warrior traits to their male offspring.“Suppose that for some reason or another each individual in a population is committed through genetic or cultural influence to go to war with probability 0.5,” Lehmann told PhysOrg.com. “Now in one group, an individual appears that is willing to go to war with probability 0.6, which, statistically, will increase his group to go to war. The genes or cultural variants causing individuals to go to war with probability 0.6 may then invade the population (because their bearer and their group members will produce more offspring and send more genetic or cultural variants in the next generation than individuals expressing the probability 0.5 to go war, and on average they will transmit to their offspring the tendency 0.6 to go to war), but this will take several generations, especially if belligerence or bravery is genetically determined. Wars are costly in terms of lives and resources – so why have we fought them throughout human history? In modern times, states may fight wars for a number of complex reasons. But in the past, most tribal wars were fought for the most basic resources: goods, territory, and women.last_img read more

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first_img News | PET-CT | June 19, 2019 United Imaging Announces First U.S. Clinical Install of uMI 550 Digital PET/CT United Imaging announced the first U.S. clinical installation of the uMI 550 Digital positron emission tomography/… read more Related Content News | Interventional Radiology | July 03, 2019 Varian Purchasing Embolic Bead Assets from Boston Scientific Varian announced it has signed an asset purchase agreement to acquire the Boston Scientific portfolio of drug-loadable… read more Feature | June 18, 2014 A Few Circulating Cancer Cells Could Cue Risk of Metastases Research combines novel molecular imaging techniques to predict spread of cancer and patient survival based on outlier cancer cells in the blood X-ray images such as the one on the left fail to indicate many cases of advanced bone destruction caused by multiple myeloma, says the author of new guidelines on imaging for patients with myeloma and related disorders. Image courtesy of Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center. News | Radiopharmaceuticals and Tracers | July 26, 2019 NorthStar Medical Radioisotopes Awarded $30 Million by U.S. Department of Energy NorthStar Medical Radioisotopes LLC has been awarded $15 million in a cooperative agreement with the U.S. Department of… read more News | Radiopharmaceuticals and Tracers | July 01, 2019 Bracco Imaging Acquires Blue Earth Diagnostics Bracco Imaging S.p.A. has signed a definitive agreement to acquire Blue Earth Diagnostics, a molecular imaging company… read more Technology | Information Technology | June 20, 2019 DOSIsoft Receives FDA 510(k) Clearance for Planet Onco Dose Software DOSIsoft announced it has received 510(k) clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to market Planet… read more center_img News | Interventional Radiology | July 31, 2019 International Multidisciplinary Group Publishes Recommendations for Personalized HCC Treatment With Y90 TheraSphere New consensus recommendations for personalized treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with BTG’s TheraSphere have… read more News | PET-CT | August 15, 2019 United Imaging Announces First U.S. Clinical Installation of uExplorer Total-body PET/CT United Imaging announced that its uExplorer total-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) system… read more News | Radiopharmaceuticals and Tracers | July 16, 2019 NorthStar Medical Radioisotopes Completes Construction on Beloit, Wis. Molybdenum-99 Processing Facility NorthStar Medical Radioisotopes LLC  announced completion of construction on its 20,000-square-foot molybdenum-99 (Mo-… read more News | Computed Tomography (CT) | June 17, 2019 International Working Group Releases New Multiple Myeloma Imaging Guidelines An International Myeloma Working Group (IMWG) has developed the first set of new recommendations in 10 years for… read more News | Radiopharmaceuticals and Tracers | August 02, 2019 ASRT Supports Radiopharmaceutical Reimbursement Bill The American Society of Radiologic Technologists (ASRT) announced its support for House Resolution (HR) 3772, a measure… read more June 18, 2014 – A simple noninvasive blood test matched with state-of-the-art molecular imaging of individual cells could help oncologists understand their patients’ chances of survival, said researchers at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging’s 2014 Annual Meeting (SNMMI).Metastasis accounts for an estimated 90 percent of cancer deaths. For decades, researchers tried to develop a way to gauge a cancer’s risk of metastasizing from a blood sample — the long-sought-after liquid biopsy. Today, there are numerous methods available to isolate lone cells. Novel methods recently used to study those cells are radioluminescence microscopy, which combines nuclear medicine, optical imaging and single-cell autoradiography (SCAR), used to localize the micro-distribution of radioactive substances in a single cell in order to image a particular physiological process, such as a receptor expressing genetic information or an enzyme involved in cellular metabolism.“We are now starting to study the properties of these lone cancer cells, which could be predictive of different disease states, and that understanding could help guide therapy decisions,” said Laura S. Sasportas, a principal researcher and Ph.D. candidate in the Gambhir Lab in the department of bioengineering at Stanford University in Stanford, Calif. “The great potential of looking at circulating tumor cells (CTCs) has been limited mainly by their extreme rarity. For example, in the case of breast cancer, CTCs are estimated to be in the order of a few to a few hundred cells among billions of blood cells in a typical 7.5 milliliter blood sample from a cancer patient. In the past decade, however, CTC research has been booming due to the development of exciting new technologies that can sensitively detect and harvest those very rare cells from patient’s blood.”For this study, researchers took breast cancer cells isolated from the blood of small animal models and imaged them using radioluminescence microscopy and SCAR along with a common molecular imaging radiotracer called F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG). The latter mirrors the exchange of energy in the presence of glucose in order to target the few hyper-metabolic cancer cells within these blood samples. Results of the research showed that less than 3 percent of CTCs in the sample indicated increased cellular metabolism compared to the parent cancer cell line. Researchers are not yet sure if this indicates an aggressive cancer cell or not. Further research and validation in clinical trials is needed to strengthen the theory.“We hypothesize that the unexplored metabolic characterization of CTCs could provide valuable information for disease monitoring,” said Sasportas. “By evaluating the glucose metabolism of CTCs with F-18 FDG, we could better manage the care of cancer patients by improving therapy selection and therefore avoiding unnecessary treatment.”  For more information: www.snmmi.org FacebookTwitterLinkedInPrint分享last_img read more

Uttarakhand to develop a new tourist destination in each district

first_imgThe state government of Uttarakhand has decided to develop one new tourism destination in each of the 13 districts. Alongside, the locals would be roped in to provide support to environmental and tourist activities.Chief Minister Trivendra Singh Rawat has laid thrust on providing tourism based jobs to youths residing in the hills. Simultaneously, the tourism department will also lay thrust on the promotion of homestay in the state, with the booking of homestay to be included in the packages of GMVN and KMVN.The Chief Minister in a review meeting of the tourism department, was told that the work for the construction of a ropeway to Kedarnath is currently underway. While the survey and mapping work was also underway for the development of nine villages near Kedarnath.The priority list of the tourism department included the ropeways on the Yamunotri-Kharsali and Dehradun-Mussoorie route.last_img read more

The Impact of a Tightening Mortgage Market

first_img in Daily Dose, Featured, News, Origination Share The Impact of a Tightening Mortgage Market February 21, 2019 1,240 Views center_img Online loan applications are rising with 38 percent of all unsecured personal loan balances being driven by fintech loans, according to the latest TransUnion Q4 2018 Industry Insights Report released on Thursday. Despite this overall rise in lending led by fintech, the report revealed that the mortgage market continued to soften as delinquencies declined.  Despite the rise in overall consumer borrowing and the increased use of fintech, home mortgages have cooled slightly, the report noted. Data revealed that of the top 20 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), those with an average new account balance of over $300,000 saw a decline of 10 percent in year-over-year originations. On the other hand, those with an average new account balance of less than $300,000 saw growth of 2 percent in year-over-year originations.Average new mortgage account balances dropped to $227,376, from $228,563 in Q4 2017. “The decrease we’re seeing in new account balances could be due to a number of factors, the largest of which may be a change in the mix of mortgage originations from high priced MSAs to low priced MSAs. Of the top 20 MSAs, those with an average new account balance of over $270,000 had a decline of 17 percent in year-over-year originations, while those with an average new account balance of less than $270,000 saw only a 5 percent decline in year-over-year originations,” said Joe Mellman, SVP and mortgage business leader at TransUnion.   Though mortgage originations continue to remain low relative to past years, the report indicated a slight increase in lending activity to subprime borrowers. An increase of 2 percent was recorded in originations to subprime borrowers on a year-over-year basis—a growth trend now observed since Q1 2018. The average debt per borrower was $206,922. However, Mellman pointed out that as the mortgage market tightens, “lenders are expressing only slight interest in subprime lending—originations to subprime consumers still represent less than 4 percent of total originations.”The report indicated that serious mortgage delinquencies continued to decline. The serious delinquency rate for Q4 2018 was 1.66 percent down from 1.86 percent during the same time last year. Additionally, 15 of the 20 largest MSAs experienced double-digit year-over-year percentage declines. “Only three MSAs, Houston, Miami, and Tampa, experienced an uptick in year-over-year delinquencies. This was expected, as the comparison point is Q4 2017, a quarter when those MSAs experienced an artificially low delinquency rate due to natural disaster forbearance programs,” Mellman said. Per the Q4 2018 IIR Mortgage Loan Summary, serious mortgage delinquency rates have continued to remain low. The serious delinquency rate for Q4 2018 was 1.66 percent, down from 1.86 percent at the same time last year. In addition, 15 of the 20 largest MSAs experienced double-digit year-over-year percentage declines. Borrowers Delinquencies Interest rates Lenders loans mortgage Mortgage Rates MSAs Originations Subprime TransUnion 2019-02-21 Radhika Ojhalast_img read more

Patsalis orders probe into shabby morgue

first_imgBy Constantinos PsillidesHEALTH minister Philippos Patsalis ordered a disciplinary inquiry against the state pathologists yesterday, following a complaint filed by a morgue assistant in March.The assistant – who doubled as a car mechanic – claimed in a letter he sent to Patsalis that he had been removing organs and conducting autopsies without any medical training. He also accused state pathologists of neglecting their duties by forcing him to conduct autopsies and to work on weekends.Dr. Petros Matsas, chief of the Nicosia General Hospital had at the time rejected the claims, attributing them to bitterness on account of the assistant not being paid overtime.An inquiry concluded in May that accusations of misconduct could not be documented, shifting some of the blame to the assistant himself, who had removed patient confidential files and had taken them home.Despite the inquiry findings, Patsalis went ahead and ordered a disciplinary inquiry.This prompted a reaction by the state pathologists, who sent a letter to Attorney general Costas Clerides and police chief Zacharias Chrysostomou, claiming that the inquiry damages the justice system.You May LikePopularEverythingColorado Mom Adopted Two Children, Months Later She Learned Who They Really ArePopularEverythingUndoYahoo SearchResearch Stair Lifts Rowland Heights California: Stunning New Stair LiftsYahoo SearchUndoUltimate Pet Nutrition Nutra Thrive SupplementAdd This One Thing To Your Dog’s Food To Help Them Be HealthierUltimate Pet Nutrition Nutra Thrive SupplementUndo Concern over falling tourism numbersUndoTurkish Cypriot actions in Varosha ‘a clear violation’ of UN resolutions, Nicosia saysUndoIsraeli rape suspects freed, woman who alleged assault arrested (Updated)Undoby Taboolaby Taboolalast_img read more

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checking in at the 11th-highest total in South Dakota. ThinkGeek Search your feelings. The group sending the letters is called the Pennsylvania State Voter Program. Nor did we fight for it alone,上海419论坛Jaylah. read more