Aganzo: “We have spoken with a Barça captain and we are waiting for what the club says”

first_imgIs it surprising that Barcelona and Atlético think of an ERTE ?: “We do not know the economy of the clubs. We are not going to enter there. In the decision they make we must all be together. They are very powerful clubs and we are concerned about their situation, like that of all their teammates.”Reason why the Barcelona squad has rejected the club’s proposal ?: “Each club has its circumstances. They have to reach some kind of agreement. It is they who will make the best decision for their future.”Would you understand that with the current situation the footballer did not lend a hand ?: “Everyone knows the situation in the country and its clubs. They are the first to help. The footballers are very aware and it is they who will reach an agreement with their clubs.”In Germany two clubs have lowered their salaries. Is it time to step forward ?: “I respect other colleagues from other countries. Each club and each player have their circumstances. They are waiting for the situation to improve because they are the first to want the best for the country’s situation. The fundamental thing is to see if the alarm status is lengthened or not. “Would players ending their contracts in June play in July ?: “They are not going to have a problem. They understand the situation and if they have to play in July, they will.”It can damage the image of the players if they don’t handle it well: “I agree. We are very clear about the labor situation in our country. If the company needs our help, they will have it.”Matches every 48 hours ?: “He is an exception, but the footballer’s protection is his health. We have to see how everything is scheduled, but playing every 48 hours will be difficult.” David Aganzo, President of the Association of Spanish Soccer Players (AFE), passed this Wednesday by the microphones of The Stringer of the SER Chain and analyzed the moment that football, clubs and players are experiencing due to the coronavirus crisis.Do you consider the scenario of not playing again this season ?: “What worries us is the situation in the country. It is time to rest easy and support what we can. We are concerned about health, sport is in the background. We are trying to regain the health of the country. It may be real that there is no more gambling, but what I want to emphasize is that there is only one war, which is the pandemic. Footballers are going to be flexible to do their bit. ”Are there different scenarios ?: “I think that in the end we have to see if we play again or not, we do not know when the alarm state will disappear or when the curve will go down. Of course we want the competitions to be playable because it would be a sign that the country is doing well. ”How many clubs are there at risk of ERTE?: “They will not reach ten. Many are evaluating them, but we have communicated to them that it is not time to do ERTES. It is time to be united and when it is known whether or not the competition resumes, it will be seen.”Have you contacted the players of each club ?: “We speak with all the captains of all the teams. In the case of Barcelona we have spoken with one of their captains and we are waiting for what the club says.”Will players charge less ?: “We have to see the whole problem. The players are workers. They are aware of the problem that exists and are the first to want to help. They will be the ones who will decide. We will be by their side for any problem they have.”last_img read more

Wood wide web—the underground network of microbes that connects trees—mapped for first

first_img Kabir Gabriel Peay Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) ‘Wood wide web’—the underground network of microbes that connects trees—mapped for first time Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Inspired by that paper, Kabir Peay, a biologist at Stanford University in Palo Alto, California, emailed Crowther and suggested doing the same for the web of underground organisms that connects forest trees. Each tree in Crowther’s database is closely associated with certain types of microbes. For example, oak and pine tree roots are surrounded by ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi that can build vast underground networks in their search for nutrients. Maple and cedar trees, by contrast, prefer arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM), which burrow directly into trees’ root cells but form smaller soil webs. Still other trees, mainly in the legume family (related to crop plants such as soybeans and peanuts), associate with bacteria that turn nitrogen from the atmosphere into usable plant food, a process known as “fixing” nitrogen.The researchers wrote a computer algorithm to search for correlations between the EM-, AM-, and nitrogen-fixer–associated trees in Crowther’s database and local environmental factors such as temperature, precipitation, soil chemistry, and topography. They then used the correlations found by the algorithm to fill in the global map and predict what kinds of fungi would live in places where they didn’t have data, which included much of Africa and Asia.Local climate sets the stage for the wood wide web, the team reports today in Nature. In cool temperate and boreal forests, where wood and organic matter decay slowly, network-building EM fungi rule. About four in five trees in these regions associate with these fungi, the authors found, suggesting the webs found in local studies indeed permeate the soils of North America, Europe, and Asia.By contrast, in the warmer tropics where wood and organic matter decay quickly, AM fungi dominate. These fungi form smaller webs and do less intertree swapping, meaning the tropical wood wide web is likely more localized. About 90% of all tree species associate with AM fungi; the vast majority are clustered in the hyperdiverse tropics. Nitrogen fixers were most abundant in hot, dry places such as the desert of the U.S. Southwest.Charlie Koven, an Earth system scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, applauds what he says is the first global forest microbe map. But he wonders whether the authors missed some important factors that also shape the underground world. Hard-to-measure processes such as nutrient and gas loss from the soil could affect where different microbes live; if so, the study’s predictions could be less accurate, he says.Despite such uncertainties, having the first hard numbers for which tree-associated microbes live where will be “very useful,” Treseder says. The findings could, for example, help researchers build better computer models to predict how much carbon forests will squirrel away and how much they will spew into the atmosphere as the climate warms, she says.Crowther, however, is ready to make a prediction now. His results suggest that as the planet warms, about 10% of EM-associated trees could be replaced by AM-associated trees. Microbes in forests dominated by AM fungi churn through carbon-containing organic matter faster, so they could liberate lots of heat-trapping carbon dioxide quickly, potentially accelerating a climate change process that is already happening at a frightening pace.That argument is “a little bit more tenuous” to Treseder. She says scientists are still puzzling out how different soil fungi interact with carbon. But, she adds, “I’m willing to be convinced.” A fungus known as a Dermocybe forms part of the underground wood wide web that stitches together California’s forests.center_img Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Email By Gabriel PopkinMay. 15, 2019 , 1:20 PM Trees, from the mighty redwoods to slender dogwoods, would be nothing without their microbial sidekicks. Millions of species of fungi and bacteria swap nutrients between soil and the roots of trees, forming a vast, interconnected web of organisms throughout the woods. Now, for the first time, scientists have mapped this “wood wide web” on a global scale, using a database of more than 28,000 tree species living in more than 70 countries.“I haven’t seen anybody do anything like that before,” says Kathleen Treseder, an ecologist at the University of California, Irvine. “I wish I had thought of it.”Before scientists could map the forest’s underground ecosystem, they needed to know something more basic: where trees live. Ecologist Thomas Crowther, now at ETH Zurich in Switzerland, gathered vast amounts of data on this starting in 2012, from government agencies and individual scientists who had identified trees and measured their sizes around the world. In 2015, he mapped trees’ global distribution and reported that Earth has about 3 trillion trees.last_img read more