“We shall be supporting the implementation of the Child Diversion Act to include training of police officers and other agents in the justice system,” said the NIA’s Executive Director, Professor Trevor Munroe. The Ministry of Justice and National Integrity Action (NIA) has entered a new phase of collaboration. The Ministry of Justice and National Integrity Action (NIA) has entered a new phase of collaboration.“We shall be supporting the implementation of the Child Diversion Act to include training of police officers and other agents in the justice system,” said the NIA’s Executive Director, Professor Trevor Munroe.He said that the NIA will also continue its drive for legislative reforms to strengthen the justice system framework.He was speaking at a press conference at the Ministry’s Constant Spring Road headquarters on Friday (Feb.15).Professor Munroe noted that the NIA will continue to support the sensitisation of Justices of the Peace (JP) and will facilitate a series of island-wide two-day training seminars to strengthen the capacity of JPs to properly administer justice through legislation and alternative dispute resolution.He said that over 1000 JPs will be targeted.The NIA will be integrating restorative justice practices in its integrity clubs, which are being implemented in schools across the island in conjunction with the Ministry of Education, Youth and Information.“We shall be expecting to produce awareness-building communication products, commercial advertisements so that the public becomes more aware of new developments particularly in the area of alternative dispute resolution,” Professor Monroe noted further.The NIA Executive Director said that the mandate of the entity, since its launch in December 2011 remains to combat corruption in all its forms, to strengthen integrity at all levels and to enhance good governance in all sectors particularly in the areas of transparency and accountability.“Fundamental to the advancement of this mission is the justice sector and therefore, part of our responsibility has been and remains to assist in making that sector more efficient and equitable in the service of the Jamaican people,” he noted.“We are excited by this new phase of our longstanding partnership and our expectation is that the collaboration will contribute to greater levels of integrity in the justice system,” Professor Monroe said. Story Highlights He said that the NIA will also continue its drive for legislative reforms to strengthen the justice system framework.
Italian free-to-air digital satellite service TivùSat saw 55,000 new activations in July, taking the total number of active smartcards to almost 1.577 million.Take-up of the service was particularly strong in Sicily, Lombardy, Lazio and Calabria. TivùSat offers 55 digital TV and 40 radio services.
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 18 2019The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Victoza (liraglutide) injection for treatment of pediatric patients 10 years or older with type 2 diabetes. Victoza is the first non-insulin drug approved to treat type 2 diabetes in pediatric patients since metformin was approved for pediatric use in 2000. Victoza has been approved to treat adult patients with type 2 diabetes since 2010. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, occurring when the pancreas cannot make enough insulin to keep blood sugar at normal levels. Although type 2 diabetes primarily occurs in patients over the age of 45, the prevalence rate among younger patients has been rising dramatically over the past couple of decades. The Diabetes Report Card published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that more than 5,000 new cases of type 2 diabetes are diagnosed each year among U.S. youth younger than age 20.Victoza improves blood sugar levels by creating the same effects in the body as the glucagon-like peptide (GLP-1) receptor protein in the pancreas. GLP-1 is often found in insufficient levels in type 2 diabetes patients. Like GLP-1, Victoza slows digestion, prevents the liver from making too much glucose (a simple sugar), and helps the pancreas produce more insulin when needed. As noted on the label, Victoza is not a substitute for insulin and is not indicated for patients with type 1 diabetes or those with diabetic ketoacidosis, a condition associated with diabetes where the body breaks down fat too quickly because there is inadequate insulin or none at all. Victoza is also indicated to reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events in adults with type 2 diabetes and established cardiovascular disease; however, its effect on major adverse cardiovascular events in pediatrics was not studied and it is not indicated for this use in children.Related StoriesStudy: Antidepressants reduce mortality by 35% in patients with diabetesNew biomaterial could encapsulate and protect implanted insulin-producing cellsSome people treated for type 1 diabetes may have monogenic diabetes, study findsThe efficacy and safety of Victoza for reducing blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes was studied in several placebo-controlled trials in adults and one placebo-controlled trial with 134 pediatric patients 10 years and older for more than 26 weeks. Approximately 64% of patients in the pediatric study had a reduction in their hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) below 7% while on Victoza, compared to only 37% who achieved these results with the placebo. HbA1c is a blood test that is routinely performed to evaluate how well a patient’s diabetes is controlled, and a lower number indicates better control of the disease. These results occurred regardless of whether the patient also took insulin at the same time. Adult patients who took Victoza with insulin or other drugs that increase the amount of insulin the body makes (e.g., sulfonylurea) may have an increased risk of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). Meanwhile, pediatric patients 10 years and older taking Victoza had a higher risk of hypoglycemia regardless of whether they took other therapies for diabetes.The prescribing information for Victoza includes a Boxed Warning to advise health care professionals and patients about the increased risk of thyroid C-cell tumors. For this reason, patients who have had, or have family members who have ever had medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) should not use Victoza, nor should patients who have an endocrine system condition called multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 2 (MEN 2). In addition, people who have a prior serious hypersensitivity reaction to Victoza or any of the product components should not use Victoza. Victoza also carries warnings about pancreatitis, Victoza pen sharing, hypoglycemia when used in conjunction with certain other drugs known to cause hypoglycemia including insulin and sulfonylurea, renal impairment or kidney failure, hypersensitivity and acute gallbladder disease. The most common side effects are nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, decreased appetite, indigestion and constipation.The FDA granted this application Priority Review. The approval of Victoza was granted to Novo Nordisk. Source:U.S. Food and Drug Administration The FDA encourages drugs to be made available to the widest number of patients possible when there is evidence of safety and efficacy. Victoza has now been shown to improve blood sugar control in pediatric patients with type 2 diabetes. The expanded indication provides an additional treatment option at a time when an increasing number of children are being diagnosed with this disease.”Lisa Yanoff, M.D, acting director of the Division of Metabolism and Endocrinology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research
Citation: Montana energy storage project lines up financial partner (2019, July 12) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-montana-energy-storage-lines-financial.html Explore further Construction on a $1 billion energy storage system in central Montana could start as soon as next year after its sponsors said Friday they reached a financing agreement with a Danish firm that invests in renewable energy. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Carl Borgquist, president of Bozeman-based Absaroka Energy, said the involvement of Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners of Denmark marks a significant step forward for the 400-megawatt project near Martinsdale.Next up, he said, is to make arrangements with utilities or others interested in using the Montana facility to complement their own electricity generation.”That’s our last step before we’re able to go under construction and start putting concrete and steel in the ground,” Borgquist said.The Gordon Butte Pumped Storage Hydro Project was first proposed in 2010 and is intended to make wind turbines and other renewable energy sources more reliable , by storing the electricity they produce until it’s needed.Described as a “hydro battery,” it would use excess power produced by wind farms or other sources to pump water from a reservoir uphill to a second reservoir. The water would be released during periods of high electricity demand, turning hydropower turbines to generate power.Many utilities use power plants fueled by natural gas to fulfill a similar role. They’re needed to balance electricity across the power grid as demand rises and falls over time.A spokeswoman for Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners confirmed the firm’s involvement in the project. Senior Partner Christian Skakkebaek said in a statement that pumped storage hydro “will be a key resource as the global transition to renewable energy continues to accelerate in states such as Montana.”Construction could take up to four years and require 300 to 400 workers, Borgquist said. Once the project is operational, it will have a permanent workforce of two- or three-dozen employees, he said.The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission issued a license for the facility in 2016.There are more than 20 gigawatts of pumped storage capacity across the U.S., according to the National Hydropower Association. An additional 31 gigawatts of capacity have been proposed, primarily in Western states, according to the association. © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Pumped storage hydropower a ‘game-changer’
An Airbus jet operated by EgyptAir that crashed over the Mediterranean almost three years ago, killing all 66 people on board, should have been grounded because of a series of technical issues on previous flights, according to a French investigation. Antoine Lachenaud, a lawyer for the family of Clement Daeschner-Cormary, a 26-year-old passenger who died, said the report showed that the crash was due to error and not chance.”When warnings are ignored in a systematic manner this results in a crash and it becomes impossible to maintain that this is due to chance,” he said.”Based on this report and the investigations, there should be consequences over the responsibilities of those involved.”The report says the on-the-ground technician in Paris had no reason to stop the flight from taking off, since no alert of the plane’s previous problems had been given.But it does highlight eventual shortcomings in the competence and accreditation of the technician responsible for checking the plane for the return flight while it was on the ground in Paris.Cockpit fire?It also notes that the casing of the oxygen mask for the co-pilot was replaced for unknown reasons three days before the crash.”The replacement of this equipment requires careful checking, given the danger of oxygen leaks,” the experts wrote.A report published last year by France’s Bureau of Enquiry and Analysis for Civil Aviation Safety (BEA) said its main hypothesis was that a fire erupted in the cockpit which rapidly got out of control.A second report requested by the French judges is expected to determine if smartphones and tablets left in the cockpit could have led to the fire.A source close to the case, who asked not to be identified, said French investigators had started to analyse a copy of one of the “black box” voice recordings from the cockpit.They received the recordings after the Egyptian security authorities ended their investigation.In December 2016, Cairo officials said traces of explosives had been found on the remains of some victims, but French authorities were sceptical, as no organisation had claimed responsibility for any attack. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2019 AFP Explore further Investigators are not certain what exactly caused the crash Black boxes: Crucial to air crash probes French experts point to ‘considerable lack of rigour on the part of crew and the technical services of EgyptAir’ ‘Warnings ignored’ Citation: Doomed EgyptAir Airbus ‘should not have taken off’, French report says (2019, April 4) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-doomed-egyptair-airbus-french.html The report, ordered by the French judiciary, stops short of drawing firm conclusions about the precise cause of the disaster but makes clear a serious of previous issues with the plane should not have been ignored.Flight MS804, which was bound from Paris’s Charles de Gaulle airport to Cairo, plunged into the sea between Crete and the northern coast of Egypt after disappearing from radars. All passengers and crew on board, including 40 Egyptians and 15 French citizens, lost their lives in the crash of the A320.The Egyptian authorities rapidly suggested that the crash was due to an attack, but French officials have always preferred the theory that it was caused by a technical problem.Three Paris judges investigating the case ordered two probes to reconstruct the sequence of events that led to the crash, with results from the first handed over to magistrates in June. In the document of 76 pages, first reported by the Le Parisien newspaper and seen by AFP, the two experts complain of “the considerable lack of rigour on the part of crew and the technical services of EgyptAir” in processing the aircraft’s technical documents. ‘Recurring faults’The report, by a technical expert and an aeronautic expert, says there were several incidents concerning the operation of the aircraft which were not reported by the pilots and thus not followed up by maintenance teams. These faults “were not signalled when the aircraft was at its principal base in Cairo, apparently so that it would not be grounded for repairs”. “The examination has shown that this aircraft should have been subject to checks during its four previous flights and should not have taken off from Cairo after a sequence of recurring faults which were not signalled by successive crews.” But they stop short of drawing a conclusion on what caused the crash, saying the “study of the elements” at their disposal “does not allow to determine if the accident resulted from the different technical issues”.Yet they point to suspicions that one of the faults “could have been the precursor of a major electrical failure”.